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中国科学报: 爬宠网络交易正在威胁野生种群

时间: 2021-10-08  来源:宝盈国际_宝盈国际官网 中国科学报  浏览次数:   作者:      打印  字体: 关闭

   

  2000年至2019年间在该行业中检测到的爬行动物物种的数量,以及它们在《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》和世界自然保护联盟《频危物种红色名录》中的地位。(中科院版纳植物园供图)

 

宝盈国际  PAXINGDONGWUWUYISHIYIZHONGHENKUDEDONGWU,RUJIN,QUANQIUSIYANGPACHONGDERENYUANBINIXIANGXIANGDEYAODUO,JINZAIYINGGUO,PACHONGDESHULIANGYIJINGCHAOGUOLEGOU,CHENGWEIZUISHOUHUANYINGDECHONGWU。

  “和狗不同的是,这些爬宠中有许多并不是源自人工繁殖的。”中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园(以下简称中科院版纳植物园)副研究员Alice Hughes表示,现行国际贸易法规只适用于11000多种已知爬行动物中的9%,大量交易未受监管。

  9月29日,中科院版纳植物园研究人员与泰国苏兰拉里理工学院研究人员合作在《自然-通讯》发表的研究成果表明,数以千计的爬行动物物种正在受到网络交易的威胁。

  被描述的同一年就开始交易 

宝盈国际  YOUYURENLEIBUKECHIXUDEFAZHANMOSHIDAOZHIDEQIXIDISANGSHI、HUANJINGWURAN、SHENGWURUQIN、QIHOUBIANHUAHEFEIFAMAOYIDENGYINSUDAOZHIDIQIUSHENGWUDUOYANGXINGZHENGZAIKUAISUSANGSHI。JINGUANRENMENDESHENGWUDUOYANGXINGBAOHUYISHIYOUSUOZENGQIANG,DANSHIDALIANGYESHENGDONGWUWUZHONGJIAOYICUNZAIGUOJIJIANGUANKONGBAI,YESHENGDONGWUJIAOYIDESHIJIGUIMOHEBEIJIAOYIWUZHONGSUOSHOUDEYINGXIANG,RENGRANSHIWEIZHIDE。

宝盈国际  ZHEIXIANGYANJIUDEKEXUEJIAMENSHIYONGZIDONGHUAWANGLUOSOUSUO,SHULILE2000NIANDAO2019NIANDEPAXINGDONGWUWANGLUOJIAOYI,ZHIHOUZAIJIANGPAXINGDONGWUWANGLUOLINGSHOUSHANGDESHUJUYUBINWEIYESHENGDONGZHIWUZHONGGUOJIMAOYIGONGYUEHEYESHENGDONGWUBAOYINGGUOJIZHIFAGUANLIXINXIXITONGZHEILIANGGEGUOJIYESHENGDONGWUJIAOYISHUJUKUDESHUJUJIEHEQILAI。

宝盈国际  YANJIUFAXIANYOU3943ZHONGPAXINGDONGWUWUZHONGBEIFANGZAIWANGSHANGJIAOYI,YUEZHANSUOYOUYIZHIPAXINGDONGWUWUZHONGDE36%,QIZHONG79%BUSHOU《BINWEIYESHENGDONGZHIWUZHONGGUOJIMAOYIGONGYUE》(CITES)JIANGUAN。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,YUEYOUYIBANWANGLUOJIAOYIDEPAXINGDONGWUGETISHICONGYEWAIBUZHUODE。

  ZHIDEGUANZHUDESHI,CHONGWUSHICHANGSHOUXINYINGXINGDEQUSHI,HUIJIJISHIYONGXINWUZHONGMIAOSHULAIDINGWEIHEBUHUOTAMEN。“YOUYUXINMIAOSHUDEWUZHONGMEINENGDEDAOLIJIBAOHU,TAMENYOUQIMIANLINBEIBUHUODEFENGXIAN。”Alice HughesSHUO,“2000NIANHOUXINMIAOSHUDEWUZHONGZHONG,YIYOUCHAOGUO130ZHONGBEIJIAOYI,TAMENCONGMIAOSHUDAOSHOUCIJIAOYIDEPINGJUNSHIJIANWEI8NIAN,GENGYOUYIXIEWUZHONGZAIBEIMIAOSHUDETONGYINIANJIUKAISHIJIAOYILE!”

  MUQIAN,OUZHOUHEBEIMEISHIPAXINGDONGWUCHONGWUZHUYAODEXIAOFEISHICHANG,ERWEIXIEREDIANZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIYAZHOU,TEBIESHIZAIYUENANBEIBU,FEIZHOUDEXUDUOJIAOYIWUZHONGZEBEILIEWEISHUJUBUZU。

  改变交易监管方式 

  YIZHIYILAI,PAXINGDONGWUDEBAOHUMIANLINZHEYIZHONGGANGADEJINGDI。

  CITESZI1975NIANSHENGXIAO,TASUOGUANZHUDEDONGWUDOUSHIBIJIAOYOUXIANSHIDUDE,ZHIZAIZUIJINJINIANCAIHANGAILEYIXIEBUTAIZHIMINGDEWUZHONG,BIRUCHUANSHANJIA。CITESHUIYIHAIQIANGDIAO,RUGUOBADALIANG“DIJIAZHI”DEWUZHONGNARUGONGYUE,JIANGUANCHENGBENGUOGAO。DANZHEIYEZAOCHENGLECHENGQIANSHANGWANDEJIAOYIWUZHONGZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGWEISHOUJIANKONG,QIESHI“HEFA”DE。

  YANJIURENYUANRENWEI,RUGUOBUNENGJINKUAIZHAODAOYINGDUIWEISHOUJIANGUANDANHEFAJIAOYIDEYOUXIAOFANGFA,NEIMEFENBUQUXIAODEHEDIFANGXINGPAXINGDONGWUWUZHONGKENENGJIANGSHIDANGQIANSHENGWUDUOYANGXINGWEIJIDEXIAYIPISHOUHAIZHE。

  Alice HughesZHICHU,RUGUOYAOFANGZHIZHEIXIECUIRUOWUZHONGDEMIEJUEBINGJIANSHAOYESHENGDONGZHIWUBINGYUANTIHERENCHUGONGHUANJIBINGDECHUANBO,JIUBIXUGAIBIANTAMENDEJIAOYIFANGSHI。

  BIRU,HEFAMAOYIKEYITONGGUOYIFENJINGHEZHUNDEKEJIAOYIWUZHONGQINGDANJINXINGGUANLI,GAIQINGDANYINGYOUSHIDANGDEZHONGQUNSHUJU,YIQUEBAOMAOYIBUHUIDUIQISHENGCUNGOUCHENGZHONGDAWEIXIE。YEJIUSHISHUO,TONGGUOGUIFANSHENMEKEYIERBUSHISHENMEBUNENGZAIGUOJISHANGJIAOYI,CONGERJIANSHAODUIYESHENGPAXINGDONGWUZHONGQUNDEYALI。ZHEIYANG,BAOHUWEIPINGGUDEWUZHONGKEYICHENGWEIYIZHONGMORENSHEZHI,QIEXINWUZHONGJIANGZIDONGSHOUDAOMAOYIBAOHU。

  XIANGGUANLUNWENLIANJIE:

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